ESA bleeding guidelines

Management of severe perioperative bleeding: guidelines from the European Society of Anaesthesiology - First update 2016

(in Eur J Anaesthesiol 2017; 34:332–395)

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The management of perioperative bleeding involves multiple assessments and strategies to ensure appropriate patient care. Initially, it is important to identify those patients with an increased risk of perioperative bleeding.


Patient information: Patient Blood Management PBM

PBM is patient-centred care. PBM needs patient empowerment. This video is made for patient information. It is a translation of the ESA guidelines (see above) in layperson language.
You may download it free of charge and, e.g., host it in your pre-anaesthesia clinics or give the link to patients scheduled for bloody major surgery.

Reducing risks, improving outcomes: The benefits of Patient Blood Management

While blood transfusions are generally very safe and have saved millions of lives, they carry a small risk of serious side effects. These risks can be lessened through the use of Patient Blood Management (PBM), a series of interventions that seek to minimise blood loss, prevent anaemia and reduce the need for a transfusion before, during and after major surgery. Professor Sibylle Kietaibl of the Evangelical Hospital Vienna, Austria, is a leading advocate for PBM, with a particular interest in the importance of patient-centred decision-making in the implementation of the system.